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The changing face of tourism | The Economist

一、中國游客游全球



Since the 1950's,

從20世紀50年代開始,

the number of people going on holiday has soared.

度假的人數猛增。

The global tourism industry is booming.

全球旅游業正在蓬勃發展。

In 2017, it generated eight trillion dollars

2017年,它創造了8萬億美元

to the economy,

的經濟效益,

and accounts for 10% of employment worldwide.

覆蓋全球就業人數的10%。



so too, do their travel budgets.

他們的旅游預算也跟著水漲船高

The number of Indian travelers is on the up

印度游客也是多了起來。

with countries such as Jordan, Australia and Israel

前往其他國家像是約旦、澳洲和以色列

making it easier for Indians to get visas.

使得印度人更容易取得簽證

Although, only seven percent of Chinese citizens

雖然,只有7%的中國公民

own a passport,

有護照

by 2030, Chinese trips will account

到了2030年,中國人的旅游產額

for around a quarter of international tourism.

將會占據全球旅游業大約四分之一

Thailand is the top international destination

泰國是中國游客前往國外的



Tuvalu, the small island nation

吐瓦魯,南太平洋上的

in the South Pacific, the least.

小島國家,游客少得可憐,幾乎沒人去玩。

This is because it is so far away

這是因為它距離世界其他各地

from the rest of the world.

實在太遠了

Tourism is increasing in most areas in the world except one.

全球大多數地方的旅游產業都在增加,就除了美利堅

Travel bans on people from Muslim countries,

禁針不吃豬肉之國家人民的旅游禁令

more visa checks and the stronger dollar

手續過多的簽證檢查和堅挺的美元

have made the United States

都使得美國

a less attractive destination for visitors.

不再受游客如此青睞

二、全球買礦賣手機

The number of smart phone users globally

全球的智能型手機使用人數

is set to reach 2.5 billion by 2019.

將在2019年達到25億



and shipped to refineries and factories

并被運送到精煉工廠

in a truly global supply chain.

這是個真正全球化的供給鏈

Silicon.



One of the most common elements in the earth's crust,

地殼中最常見的元素之一

is used to make the billions of transistors in the chips

用于制造芯片中數十億個晶體管

that power your phone.

為你的手機提供動力

Gold is used for electrical wiring.

黃金是用于電線

About 0.03 grams of it in each iPhone.

每臺iphone中大約0.03公克的黃金

Indium, another metal, is used to make touch screens.

至于金屬銦,用于制作觸摸屏。

But when it comes to batteries,

但當我們說到電池時

lithium is one of the key components,

鋰則是其中一個關鍵成分



another crucial element in smartphone batteries.

也是另一個智能型手機電池的重要元素

Smartphone makers are under pressure to ensure their cobalt

智能型手機制造商都有壓力要確保他們的鈷

is responsibly sourced.

取之有道

About 80% of the cobalt used in batteries

大約80%用于電池中的鈷

is refined in China.

是在中國精練

Many so-called rare-earth elements

許多所謂稀土金屬

are also used in smartphones,

被用于智能型手機中

in the screen, the speaker,

觸摸屏、喇叭

and the motor that makes your phone vibrate.

和讓你的電話震動的馬達

About 85% of rare-earth elements are produced in China.

大約85%的稀土金屬在中國生產

Despite their name, rare-earth elements

盡管它的名稱是稀土金屬

are not particularly rare,

但卻不特別稀有

but they are hard to extract

但提煉它們很難不產出

without producing toxic and radioactive byproducts.

毒氣和放射性的副產物

Many of the elements used in smartphones

許多用于智能型手機的元素



So recycle your phone if you get a new one this year.

所以,如果你今年買了一只新的,把你的手機拿去回收吧!

Why? It is, you might say, elementary.

為什么?可以這么說,這事頂靠譜(元素)