原創翻譯:龍騰網 http://www.ciqjm.icu 翻譯:風聞天下 轉載請注明出處

AT&T and Verizon had big 5G-related announcements this week: AT&T published speed test results that seemingly validated its “5G E” LTE network as the fastest around, and Verizon launched its 5G network in parts of Chicago and Minneapolis. But both of these announcements underscore just how much of a mess 5G is right now. AT&T’s results appear to be skewed in the company’s favor, and Verizon’s rollout seems slapdash, with poor coverage even in the areas that Verizon promised.

美國電話電報公司和威瑞森本周宣布了與5G 相關的重大消息: 美國電話電報公司公布了速度測試結果,似乎證明其"5G e"LTE 網絡是最快的,威瑞森在芝加哥和明尼阿波利斯部分地區推出了5G網絡。 但是這兩個聲明都突顯了5 g 現在是多么的混亂。 美國電話電報公司的結果似乎對公司有利,威瑞森的推出似乎很草率,即使在承諾的區域覆蓋率也很低。

These are just the latest headaches for 5G, which has been marred by delayed rollouts, limited hardware tests, conflicting standards, political wrangling, and more. With telecom companies rushing to be first, odds are the mess of 5G will only get worse as the rollouts continue. If people’s first experiences with 5G are this shoddy, why should they trust — and pay extra — for the networks when they do actually arrive for real?

對于5G來說,這只是最新的麻煩,因為延遲推出、硬件測試有限、標準沖突、政治爭吵等等,都讓5G陷入困境。隨著電信公司爭先恐后地成為第一,5 g 的混亂局面只會隨著推廣的繼續而變得更加糟糕。 如果人們第一次使用5G 的體驗就是這么糟糕,那么當他們真正使用5G 網絡時,為什么還要信任這些網絡,并為它們支付額外的費用呢?

Verizon’s 5G network is blazing fast, but it barely exists Take AT&T. The company seemingly scored a win this week by announcing that recent Ookla speed tests had found its 5G E network (which, again, is LTE, not 5G) to be the fastest in the US, buoying the company’s message that the 5G E brand would help cement AT&T’s reputation ahead of its actual 5G launch later this year.

以美國電報電話公司為例。 這家公司似乎在本周取得了勝利,它宣布,最近Ookla 的速度測試發現,其5G e 網絡(再說一遍,這是 LTE,而不是5G)是美國最快的,即在今年晚些時候實際推出5G之前,該公司發布的5g e品牌將有助于鞏固a美國電報電話公司的聲譽。

But those results aren’t as clear-cut as AT&T would have you believe: Ookla says that the spike in results for AT&T is due to an increase in speed tests from iPhone users after the release of iOS 12.2, specifically on the iPhone XR, XS Max, XS, X, 8, and 8 Plus, which are the same models that now display 5G E logos following that update.

但是這些結果并不像美國電報電話公司想讓你相信的那樣明確: Ookla 說美國電報電話公司結果的飆升是由于 iOS 12.2發布后 iPhone 用戶速度測試的增加,特別是在 iPhone XR、 XS Max、 XS、 x、8和8 Plus 上,這些都是在升級后顯示5G e 標志的相同型號。

But these latest tests don’t prove that AT&T’s speeds are faster on average, and other results — like OpenSignal’s recent study from before iOS 12.2 was released — shows that AT&T’s 5G E is actually slower than T-Mobile and Verizon. Verge readers on Twitter have also shared similarly poor results; it’s certainly not representative of all users, but it’s definitely not the kind of first impression AT&T wants attached to its 5G brand, either.

但是,這些最新的測試并不能證明美國電報電話公司平均速度更快,而且其他結果——比如 OpenSignal 在 ios12.2發布之前的最新研究——顯示美國電報電話公司的5G e 實際上比 T-Mobile 和威瑞森慢。 推特上的 Verge 讀者也分享了類似的糟糕結果; 它當然不能代表所有用戶,但也絕不是美國電報電話公司希望附加在其5 g 品牌上的那種第一印象。

Things don’t necessarily improve when you get to actual 5G, either, as Verizon showed us this week during its real 5G launch. In his tests out in Chicago, my colleague Chris Welch learned that actual 5G will offer dramatically better speeds at rates between 400 and 600 Mbps for downloads. (Those are the kinds of numbers that AT&T’s 5G E network can only dream of.) But the network itself is extremely spotty. When Verizon says that only “select areas” will have 5G, it’s not kidding: service was reportedly inconsistent. Even where Verizon did offer 5G, it often appeared and vanished from one block to the next.

正如本周威瑞森在其真正的5 g 發布會上向我們展示的那樣,當你使用真正的5 g 網絡時,情況并不一定會有所改善。 在芝加哥進行的測試中,我的同事克里斯· 韋爾奇了解到,實際的5 g 能夠提供更快的速度,400到600兆。這些數字是美國電話電報公司5G e 網絡只能夢想的。) 但是這個網絡本身是非常不穩定的。 當威瑞森聲稱只有"特定區域"才有5G 網絡時,這不是在開玩笑: 據報道,服務是不一致的。 即使在威瑞森提供5 g 服務的地方,它也經常在一個街區出現到另一個街區消失。

That’s a problem. Verizon may have technically launched its network first, but if it can’t offer widespread or consistent service, then it’s just that: a technical achievement without real practical application. Verizon’s rush to be first seems to be coming at the expense of a reliable 5G network, something that early adopters (who, remember, are paying $10 per month extra) will have to deal with while Verizon gets more substantial coverage.

But the stakes are higher with the launch of 5G, and if AT&T and Verizon (as well as T-Mobile and Sprint, which seem to have made the right call in delaying their launches to iron out details) can’t actually make good on things, they’re going to end up with disappointed customers once they find out that the reality doesn’t quite meet the promises they were given.

但隨著5G 的推出,風險更高。如果美國電話電報公司和威瑞森(以及 T-Mobile 和 Sprint ——它們似乎做出了正確的決定,推遲了發布時間以解決細節問題)實際上無法實現目標,那么一旦消費者發現現實并未完全實現他們所得到的承諾,他們最終將以失望告終。